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Edward Forbes. Report on the Mollusca and Radiata of the Aegean Sea, and on their distribution, considered as bearing on Geology. 13th Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, London, 1844.

Latest version published by Hellenic Center for Marine Research on Sep 30, 2021 Hellenic Center for Marine Research

A historical dataset, by Edward Forbes, Professor of Botany in King's College, London. This digitised report, requested by the British Association, refers to the Mollusca and Radiata inhabiting the Aegean and the Red Sea. The data upon which this report is founded have been entirely derived from a voyage of 18 months to the Aegean. The calculations have been based upon more than 100 fully recorded dredging operations in various depths and in many localities. The digitization process concerns the Appendix of the Report, which refers to the Examples of Dredging Papers, selected in order to show the associations of species in several regions. The numerous dredging operations on which this Report is founded were all registered in a similar manner.

Data Records

The data in this sampling event resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 17 records. 2 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

  • Event (core)
    17
  • Occurrence 
    530
  • ExtendedMeasurementOrFact 
    442

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 17 records in English (22 KB) - Update frequency: unknown
Metadata as an EML file download in English (11 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (9 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Mavraki D., Sarafidou G., Legaki A., Nikolopoulou S., and V. Gerovasileiou (2021). Digitization of the dredging papers included in the Report on the Mollusca and Radiata of the Aegean Sea, and on their distribution, considered as bearing on Geology by Edward Forbes, 13th Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, London, 1844.

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Hellenic Center for Marine Research. To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.

GBIF Registration

This resource has not been registered with GBIF

Keywords

Sampling event; Historical Dataset; Mollusca

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Dimitra Mavraki
Hellenic Centre for Marine Research Former U.S. Base of Gournes 71500 Heraklion Crete GR +302810337740
Georgia Sarafidou
Hellenic Centre for Marine Research Former U.S. Base of Gournes 71500 Heraklion Crete GR +302810337740

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Dimitra Mavraki
Hellenic Centre for Marine Research Former U.S. Base of Gournes 71500 Heraklion Crete GR +302810337740

Who filled in the metadata:

Dimitra Mavraki
Data Manager
Hellenic Centre for Marine Research Former U.S. Base of Gournes 71500 Heraklion Crete GR +302810337740

Who else was associated with the resource:

Principal Investigator
Vasilis Gerovasileiou
Hellenic Centre for Marine Research Former U.S. Base of Gournes 71500 Heraklion Crete GR +302810337742

Geographic Coverage

Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea. Sampling Marine Stations are from both Greece and Turkey.

Bounding Coordinates South West [35.532, 23.643], North East [41.03, 28.125]

Taxonomic Coverage

Mollusca and Radiata by Forbes. It is worth mentioning that the taxonomic evaluation was difficult and thus time-consuming. HCMR team asked taxonomic specialists for specific species in order to match the species with a WoRMS ID and in particular for two species: Pleurobranchus calyptraeoides and Pleurobranchus sordidus new entries in Molluscabase (https://www.molluscabase.org/) were created.

Phylum  Mollusca,  Echinodermata,  Cnidaria,  Arthropoda,  Foraminifera,  Annelida,  Brachiopoda,  Bryozoa

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 1841-05-29 / 1843-12-23

Sampling Methods

The digitised information is a list of examples of Dredging Papers, selected in order to show the associations of species in the several examined regions. The numerous dredging operations on which the original Report is founded were all registered in a similar manner.

Study Extent Several locations were sampled in both Greece and Turkey.
Quality Control Marine Regions is used as controlled vocabulary for marine locations, while for taxonomy WoRMS was used.

Method step description:

  1. Information on species, abundance, stations, and dates were extracted from the dredging papers.

Additional Metadata

The Historical Report is available online through the Biodiversity Heritage Library at: https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12920789#page/176/mode/1up

Purpose This historical dataset was digitized in the framework of EMODnet Biology project, under Work Package 3 "Data archaeology and rescue". This work has been financially supported by the EC DG-MARE (EMODnet Observation and Data network - Lot5 – Biology) and partly by the Greek Government under the GSRT and the National Strategic Reference Framework (LifeWatchGreece Research Infrastructure (ESFRI) project - MIS 384676).
Alternative Identifiers http://ipt.medobis.eu/resource?r=mollusca_forbes